Publications

 

When a reprint is available you can get it by clicking on the link in the list below. Electronic versions of papers are provided as a professional courtesy to ensure timely dissemination of academic work for individual, non-commercial purposes. Copyright resides with the respective copyright holders, as stated within each paper. These files may not be reposted without permission.

In press

Bijleveld, E., Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (in press). Adaptive reward pursuit: How effort requirements modulate unconscious reward responses and conscious reward decisions. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Download article

Papies, E. K., Potjes, I., Keesman, M., Schwinghammer, S., & van Koningsbruggen, G. M. (in press). Using health primes to reduce unhealthy snack purchases among overweight consumers in a grocery store. International Journal of Obesity. Download article

Renes, R. A., Vermeulen, L., Kahn, R. S., Aarts, H., van Haren, N. E. M. (in press). Abnormalities in the establishment of feeling of self-agency in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research. Download article

Strick, M., Holland, R. W., Van Baaren, R. B., Van Knippenberg, A., & Dijksterhuis, A. (in press). An associative processing model of humor in advertising, European Review of Social Psychology. Download article

van Dillen, L. F., & Papies, E.K. (in press). From distraction to mindfulness: Psychological and neural mechanisms of attention strategies in self-regulation.  In G. Gendolla, M. Tops, S. Koole (Eds.) Biobehavioral Foundations of Self-Regulation. Springer.Download article

Veling, H., Aarts, H., & Stroebe, W. (in press). Using stop signals to reduce impulsive choices for palatable unhealthy foods. British Journal of Health Psychology.

Zedelius, C. M., Veling, H., & Aarts, H. (in press). I was unaware and I needed the Money! Success and failure in behavioral regulation toward consciously and unconsciously perceived monetary cues. Social Cognition.

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2014

Marchiori, D. & Papies, E.K. (2014).  A brief mindfulness intervention reduces unhealthy eating when hungry, but not the portion size effect. Appetite, 75, 40–45. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2013.12.009. Download article

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2013

Marien, H., Aarts, H., and Custers, R. (2013) Adaptive control of human action: The role of outcome representations and reward signals. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 602.doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00602 Download article

Papies, E. K. (2013). Tempting food words activate eating simulations. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 838. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00838 Article

Papies, E. K., & Veling, H. (2013). Healthy dining: Subtle diet reminders at the point of purchase increase low-calorie food choices among both chronic and current dieters. Appetite, 61(0), 1–7. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2012.10.025 Download article

Stroebe, W., Van Koningsbruggen, G. M., Papies, E. K., & Aarts, H. (2013). Why most dieters fail but some succeed: A goal conflict model of eating behavior. Psychological Review, 120(1), 110–138. Download article

Van Dillen, L. F., Papies, E. K., & Hofmann, W. (in press). Turning a blind eye to temptation: How task load can facilitate self-regulation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104(3), 427–443. Download article

van der Weiden, A., Ruys, K. I., & Aarts, H. (2013). A Matter of Matching: How Goals and Primes Affect Self-Agency Experiences. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 142,  954-966. Download article

van der Weiden, A., Aarts, H., & Ruys, K. I. (2013). On the Nature of Experiencing Self-Agency: The Role of Goals and Primes in Inferring Oneself as the Cause of Behavior. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7, 888-904. Download article

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2012

Aarts, H., Bijleveld, E., Custers, R., Dogge, M., Deelder, M., Schutter, D., & van Haren, N.E.M. (2012). Positive priming and intentional binding: Eye-blink rate predicts reward information effects on the sense of agency. Social Neuroscience, 7, 105-112. Download article

Bijleveld, E., Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2012). Human reward pursuit: From rudimentary to higher-level functions. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21, 194-190. Download article

Bijleveld, E., Scheepers, D., & Ellemers, N. (2012). The cortisol response to anticipated intergroup interactions predicts self-reported prejudice. PLoS ONE, 7, e33681. Link to manusctipt

Dogge, M., Schaap, M., Custers, R., Wegner, D. M., & Aarts, H. (2012). When moving without volition: Implied self-causation enhances binding strength between involuntary actions and effects. Consciousness and Cognition, 21, 501-5-6. Download article

Marien, H., Aarts, H., & Custers, R. (2012). Being flexible or rigid in goal-directed behavior: When positive affect implicitly motivates the pursuit of goals or means. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 227-283. Download article

Marien, H., Custers, R., Hassin, R. R., & Aarts, H. (2012). Unconscious goal activation and the hijacking of the executive function. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. doi: 10.1037/a0028955 Downloar article

Meule, A., Papies, E. K., & Kübler, A. (2012). Differentiating between successful and unsuccessful dieters: Validity and reliability of the Perceived Self-Regulatory Success in Dieting Scale. Appetite, 58, 822–826. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2012.01.028 Download article

Papies, E. K. (2012). Goal priming in dieters: Recent insights and applications. Current Obesity Reports, 1, 99-105.Download article

Papies, E. K., Barsalou, L. W., & Custers, R. (2012). Mindful Attention Prevents Mindless Impulses. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 3, 291–299. doi:10.1177/1948550611419031 Download article

Papies, E. K., & Nicolaije, K. A. H. (2012). Inspiration or deflation? Feeling similar or dissimilar to slim and plus-size models affects self-evaluation of restrained eaters. Body Image, 9(0), 76-85. doi:10.1016/j.bodyim.2011.08.004 Download article

Ruys, K. I., & Aarts, H. (2012). I did not mean to hurt you! Unconscious origins of experienced self-agency over other’s emotional expressions, Emotion, 12, 132-141. Download article

Ruys, K. I., Aarts, H., Papies, E. K., Oikawa, M., & Oikawa, H. (2012). Perceiving an exclusive cause of affect prevents misattribution. Consciousness and Cognition, 21, 1109-1015. Download article

Van Dijk, W.W., Ouwerkerk, J.W., Van Koningsbruggen, G.M., & Wesseling, Y.M. (2012). “So you wanna be a pop star?” Schadenfreude following another’s misfortune on TV. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 34, 168-174. doi: 10.1080/01973533.2012.656006

Van Koningsbruggen, G.M., Stroebe, W., & Aarts, H. (2012). Mere exposure to palatable food cues reduces restrained eaters’ physical effort to obtain healthy food. Appetite, 58, 593-596. Download article

Veling, H., & Aarts, H. (2012). Routinized learning of behavior. In N. M. Seel (Ed.) Encyclopedia of the sciences of learning (Part 18, pp. 2905-2907). Heidelberg, Germany: Springer. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-1428-6_532

Veling H., Ruys, K. I., & Aarts, H. (2012). Anger as a hidden motivator: Associating attainable products with anger turns them into rewards. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 3, 438-445. Download article

Zedelius, C. M., Veling, H., & Aarts, H. (2012). When unconscious rewards boost cognitive task performance inefficiently: The role of consciousness in integrating value and attainability information. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience Research, 6. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2012.00219. Download article

Zedelius, C. M., Veling, H., Bijleveld, E., & Aarts, H (2012). Promising high monetary rewards for future task performance increases intermediate task performance. PLoS ONE, 7, e42547. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0042547 Download article

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2011

Aarts, H., & Van Den Bos, K. (2011). On the foundations of beliefs in free will: Intentional binding and unconscious priming in self-agency. Psychological Science, 22, 532-537. Download article

Bijleveld, E., Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2011). Once the money is in sight: Distinctive effects of conscious and unconscious rewards on task performance. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 865-869. Download article

Bijleveld, E., Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2011). When favourites fail: Tournament trophies as reward cues in tennis finals. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29, 1463-1470. Download article

Boksem, M. A. S., & Ruys, K. I., & Aarts, H. (2011). In the face of disapproval. Performance monitoring in a social context, Social Neuroscience, First published on: 10 March 2011 (iFirst). Download article

Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2011). Learning of predictive relations between events depends on attention, not on awareness. Consciousness and Cognition, 20, 368-378. Download article

Danner, U. N., Aarts, H., Papies, E. K., & de Vries, N. K. (2011). Paving the path for habit change: Cognitive shielding of intentions against habit intrusion. British Journal of Health Psychology, 16(1), 189-200. doi:10.1348/2044-8287.002005 Download article

De Vries, P, Aarts, H., Midden C. (2011). Changing simple energy-related consumer behavior: How good intentions may be thwarted by acting and non-acting habits. Environment and Behavior, 43, 612-633. Download article

Oikawa, M., Aarts, H., & Oikawa, H. (2011). There is a Fire Burning in My Heart: The Role of Causal Attribution in Affect Transfer. Cognition and Emotion, 25, 156-163. Download article

Terburg, D., Hooiveld, N., Aarts, H., Kenemans, L., & Van Honk, J. (2011). Eye-Tracking Unconscious Face-to-Face Confrontations: Dominance Motives Prolong Gaze to Masked Angry Faces. Psychological Science, 22, 314-319. Download article

Van Dijk, W.W., Ouwerkerk, J.W., Wesseling, Y.M., & Van Koningsbruggen, G.M. (2011). Towards understanding pleasure at the misfortunes of others: The impact of self-evaluation threat on schadenfreude. Cognition and Emotion, 25, 360-368. Download article

Van Dijk, W.W., Van Koningsbruggen, G.M., Ouwerkerk, J.W., & Wesseling, Y.M. (2011). Self-esteem, self-affirmation, and schadenfreude. Emotion, 11, 1445-1449. Download article

Van Koningsbruggen, G.M., & Stroebe, W. (2011). Lasting effects of alcohol: Subliminal alcohol cues, impairment expectancies, and math performance. European Journal of Social Psychology, 41, 807-811. Download article

Van Koningsbruggen, G.M., Stroebe, W., & Aarts, H. (2011). Through the eyes of dieters: Biased size perception of food following tempting food primes. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 47, 293-299. Download article

Van Koningsbruggen, G.M., Stroebe, W., Papies, E.K., & Aarts, H. (2011). Implementation intentions as goal primes: Boosting self-control in tempting environments. European Journal of Social Psychology, 41, 551-557. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.799 Download article

Veling, H., & Aarts, H. (2011). Changing impulsive determinants of unhealthy behaviours towards rewarding objects. Health Psychology Review, 5, 150-153.

Veling, H., & Aarts, H. (2011). Unintentional preparation of motor impulses after incidental perception of need-rewarding objects. Cognition and Emotion, 25, 1131-1138. Download article

Veling, H., Aarts, H., & Papies, E. K. (2011). Using stop signals to inhibit chronic dieters’ responses toward palatable foods. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 49(11), 771–780. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2011.08.005 Download article

Veling, H., Aarts, H., & Stroebe, W. (2011). Fear signals inhibit impulsive behavior toward rewarding food objects. Appetite, 56, 643-648. Download article

Veltkamp, M., Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2011). Motivating consumer behavior by subliminal conditioning in the absence of basic needs: Striking even while the iron is cold. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 21, 49-56. Download article

van der Weiden, A., Aarts, H., & Ruys, K. I. (2011). Prime and probability: Causal knowledge affects inferential and predictive effects on self-agency experiences. Consciousness and Cognition, 20, 1865-1871. Download article

Zedelius, C. M., Veling, H., & Aarts, H. (2011). Beware the reward - How conscious processing of rewards impairs active maintenance performance. Consciousness and Cognition, 20, 366-367. Download article

Zedelius, C. M., Veling, H., & Aarts, H. (2011). Boosting or choking - How Conscious and unconscious reward processing modulate the active maintenance of goal-relevant information. Consciousness and Cognition, 20, 355-362. Download article


2010

Aarts, H., Ruys, K. I., Veling, H., Renes, R.A., J. H. B. de Groot, A. M. van Nunen, & Geertjes S. (2010). The art of anger: Reward context turns avoidance responses to anger-related objects into approach. Psychological Science, 21, 1406-1410. Download article

Aarts, H., Oikawa, M., & Oikawa, H. (2010). Cultural and Universal Routes to Authorship Ascription: Effects of Outcome Priming on Experienced Self-Agency in The Netherlands and Japan. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 41, 87-98. Download article

Bijleveld, E., Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2010). Unconscious reward cues increase invested effort, but do not change speed-accuracy tradeoffs. Cognition, 115, 330. Download article

Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2010). The unconscious will: How the pursuit of goals operates outside of conscious awareness. Science, 329, 47-50. Download article

Dijksterhuis, A., & Aarts, H. (2010). Goals, attention, and (Un)Consciousness. Annual Review of Psychology, 16, 467-490. Download article

Friedman, R., Deci, E.L., Elliot, A., Moller, A., & Aarts, H. (2010). Motivation synchronicity: Priming motivational orientations with observations of others' behavior. Motivation and Emotion, 34, 34-38. Download article

Hofmann, W., Van Koningsbruggen, G. M., Stroebe, W., Ramanathan, S., & Aarts, H. (2010). As pleasure unfolds: Hedonic responses to tempting food. Psychological Science, 21, 1863-1870. Download article

Lakens, D., & Ruys, K. I. (2010). The dynamic interaction of conceptual and embodied knowledge. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 33, 449-450. Download article

Ouwehand, C., & Papies, E. K. (2010). Eat it or beat it: The differential effect of food temptations on overweight and normal-weight restrained eaters. Appetite 55, 56-60. Download article

Papies, E. K. & Aarts, H. (2010). Nonconscious self-regulation or the automatic pilot of human behavior. In K. D. Vohs, R. F. Baumeister (Eds.), Handbook of self-regulation: Research, theory, and applications (2nd ed; pp. 125-142) New York: Guilford Press.

Papies, E. K. & Hamstra, P. (2010). Goal priming and eating behavior: Enhancing self-regulation by environmental cues. Health Psychology, 29, 384-388. Download article

Ruys, K. I. & Aarts, H. (2010). When competition merges people’s behavior: Interdependency activates shared action representations, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 1130-1133. Download article

Van Koningsbruggen, G.M., Stroebe, W., & Aarts, H. (2010). Successful dieting in tempting environments: Mission impossible? In-Mind Magazine, 11. Download article

Veling, H. & Aarts, H. (2010). Cueing task goals and earning money: Relatively high monetary rewards reduce failures to act on goals in a Stroop task. Motivation and Emotion, 34, 184-190. Download article

van der Weiden, A., Aarts, H., & Ruys, K. I. (2010). Reflecting on the action or its outcome: Behavior representation level modulates high level outcome priming effects on self-agency experiences. Consciousness and Cognition, 19, 21-32. Download article

van der Weiden, A., Veling, H., & Aarts, H. (2010). When observing gaze shifts of others enhances object desirability. Emotion, 10, 939-943. Download article


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2009

Aarts, H., & Custers, R. (2009), Habit, Action, and Consciousness. In: W. P. Banks, (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Consciousness (volume 1, pp. 315-328). Oxford: Elsevier. Download article

Aarts, H., Custers, R., & Marien, H. (2009). Priming and authorship ascription: When nonconscious goals turn into conscious experiences of self-agency. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96, 967-979. Download article

Aarts, H. & van Honk, J. (2009). Testosterone and unconscious positive priming increase human motivation separately. NeuroReport, 20, 1300-1303. Download article

Aarts, H., & Veling, H. (2009). Do resonance mechanisms in language and action depend on intentional processes?. European Journal of Social Psychology, 39, 1188-1190. Download article

Bijleveld, E., Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2009). The unconscious eye opener: Pupil dilation reveals strategic recruitment of resources upon presentation of subliminal reward cues. Psychological Science, 20, 1313-1315. Download article

Custers, R. (2009). How does our unconscious know what we want? The role of affect in goal representations. In G. B. Moskowitz & H. Grant (Eds.) The psychology of goals (pp. 179-202). New York: Guilford Press. Download article

Custers, R., Aarts, H., Oikawa, M., & Elliot, A. (2009). The nonconscious road to perceptions of performance: Achievement priming augments outcome expectancies and experienced self-agency. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 1200-1208. Download article

Custers, R., & Veling, H. (2009). Memory: Procedural memory, skill, perceptual-motor learning and awareness. In: W. P. Banks, (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Consciousness (volume 1, pp. 13-18). Oxford: Elsevier. Download article

Hassin, R.R. & Aarts, H., Custers, R., Eitam, B., & Kleiman, T. (2009). Non-conscious goal pursuit, working memory, and the effortful control of behavior. In E. Morsella, J.A. Bargh, & P.M. Gollwitzer (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Human Action (549-566). New York: Oxford University Press. Download article

 

Papies, E. K., Aarts, H., de Vries, N. K. (2009). Planning is for doing: Implementation intentions go beyond the mere creation of goal-directed associations. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. Download article

Papies, E. K., Stroebe, W., & Aarts, H. (2009). Who likes it more? Restrained eaters' implicit attitudes toward food. Appetite. Download article

Ruys, K. I., & Stapel, D. A. (2009). Learning to like or dislike by association: No need for contingency awareness. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. Download article

Stroebe, W., Papies, E.K., & Aarts, H. (2009). The psychology of dieting and overweight:  Testing a goal conflict model of the self-regulation of eating. In p. French (Ed.), Proceedings of the International Congress of Psychology. Brighton: Psychology Press. Download article

Van Koningsbruggen, G. M., & Das, E. (2009). Don’t derogate this message! Self-affirmation promotes online type 2 diabetes risk test taking. Psychology and Health, 24, 635-649. Download article

Van Koningsbruggen, G.M., Das, E., & Roskos-Ewoldsen, D.R. (2009). How self-affirmation reduces defensive processing of threatening health information: Evidence at the implicit level. Health Psychology, 28, 563-568. Download article

Van Leeuwen, M. L., Veling, H., van Baaren, R. B., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2009). The influence of facial attractiveness on imitation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 1295-1298. Download article

Veling, H., & Aarts, H. (2009). Putting behavior on hold decreases reward value of need-instrumental objects outside of awareness. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 1020–1023. Download article

Veltkamp, M., Aarts, H., & Custers, R. (2009). Unravelling the Motivational Yarn: A Framework for Understanding the Instigation of Implicitly Motivated Behaviour Resulting from Deprivation and Positive Affect. European Review of Social Psychology, 20, 345-381. Download article

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2008

Aarts, H., Custers, R., & Marien, H. (2008). Preparing and motivating behavior outside of awareness. Science, 319, 1639. Download article

Aarts, H., Custers, R., & Veltkamp, M. (2008). Goal priming and the affective-motivational route to nonconscious goal pursuit. Social Cognition, 26, 555-577. Download article

Aarts, H., Dijksterhuis, A., Dik, G. (2008). Goal contagion: Infering goals from others' actions - and what it leads to. In J. Y. Shah & W. Gardner (Eds.), Handbook of motivation science (pp. 265-280). New York: Guilford. Download article

Custers, R., Maas, M., Wildenbeest, M., & Aarts, H. (2008). Nonconscious goal pursuit and the surmounting of physical and social obstacles. European Journal of Social Psychology, 1013–1022. Download article

Danner, U. N., Aarts, H., & de Vries, N. K. (2008). Habit and intention in the prediction of behaviors: The role of frequency, stability and accessibility of past behavior. British Journal of Social Psychology, 47, 245-265. Download article

Dijksterhuis, A., Preston, J., Wegner, D. M., & Aarts, H. (2008). Effects of subliminal priming of self and god on self-attribution of authorship for events. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 2-9. Download article

Dik, G., & Aarts, H. (2008). I wanna know what you want: How effort perception facilitates the motivation to infer another’s goal. Social Cognition, 6, 737-754. Download article

Henderson, M. D., Y. de Liver, et al. (2008). "The Effects of an Implemental Mind-Set on Attitude Strength." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 94(3): 396-411. Download article

Honk van, J., Aarts, H., Josephs, R.A., & Schutter, D.J.L.G. (2008). Sex Differences in Social and Mathematical Cognition: An endocrine Perspective. The Netherlands Journal of Psychology, 64, 177-183. Download article

Loersch, C., Aarts, H., Payne, B. K. & Jefferis, V.E. (2008) The influence of social groups on goal contagion. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 1555–1558. Download article

McCulloch, K.C., Aarts, H., Fujita, J., & Bargh, J.A. (2008). Inhibition in Goal Systems: A Retrieval-Induced Forgetting Account. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 857-865. Download article

Papies, E. K., Stroebe, W., & Aarts, H. (2008). Healthy cognition: Processes of self-regulatory success in restrained eating. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 1290-1300. Download article

Papies, E. K., Stroebe, W., & Aarts, H. (2008). The allure of forbidden food: On the role of attention in self-regulation.Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 1283-1292. Download article

Papies, E. K., Stroebe, W., & Aarts, H. (2008). Understanding dieting: A social cognitive analysis of hedonic processes in self-regulation. European Review of Social Psychology, 19, 339-383. Download article

Stroebe, W., Mensink, W., Aarts, H., Schut, H., & Kruglanski, A. W. (2008). Why dieters fail: Testing the goal conflict model of eating. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 26-36. Download article

Stroebe, W., Papies, E. K., & Aarts, H. (2008). From homeostatic to hedonic theories of eating: Self-regulatory failure in food-rich environments. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 57, 172-193. Download article

Veling, H., Holland, R. W., & van Knippenberg, A. (2008). When approach motivation and behavioral inhibition collide: Behavior regulation through stimulus devaluation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 1013-1019. Download article

Veling, H., & van Knippenberg, A. (2008). Intention formation induces episodic inhibition of distracting stimuli. Acta Psychologica, 128, 45-55. Download article

Veltkamp, M., Aarts, H., & Custers, R. (2008). On the emergence of deprivation-reducing behaviors: subliminal priming of behavior representations turns deprivation into motivation. Journal of Experimental Social psychology, 44, 866-873. Download article

Veltkamp, M., Aarts, H., & Custers, R. (2008). Perception in the service of goal pursuit: Motivation to attain goals enhances the perceived size of goal-instrumental objects. Social Cognition, 26, 720-736. Download article

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2007

Aarts, H. (2007). On the emergence of human goal pursuit: The nonconscious regulation and motivation of goals.Social Psychology and Personality Compass, 183–201. Download article

Aarts, H. (2007). Health behavior and the implicit motivation and regulation of goals. Health Psychology Review, 1, 53-82. Download article

Aarts, H. (2007). Unconscious authorship ascription: The effects of success and effect-specific information priming on experienced authorship. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 119-126. Download article

Aarts, H., Custers, R., & Holland, R. W. (2007). The nonconscious cessation of goal pursuit: When goals and negative affect are coactivated. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92, 165-178. Download article

Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2007). In search of the nonconscious sources of goal pursuit: Accessibility and positive affective valence of the goal state. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 312-318. Download article

Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2007). Goal-discrepant situations prime goal-directed actions if goals are temporarily or chronically accessible. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 623-633. Download article

Danner, U. N., Aarts, H., & de Vries, N. K. (2007). Habit formation and multiple means to goal attainment: Repeated retrieval of target means causes inhibited access to competitors. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 1367-1379. Download article

de Liver, Y., van der Pligt, J., & Wigboldus, D. (2007). Positive and negative associations underlying ambivalent attitudes. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 319-326. Download article

Dijksterhuis, A., Chartrand, T. L., & Aarts, H. (2007). Effects of priming and perception on social behavior and goal pursuit. In J. A. Bargh (Ed.), Social psychology and the unconscious: The automaticity of higher mental processes (pp. 51-131). New York: Psychology Press.

Dik, G., & Aarts, H. (2007). Behavioral cues to others' motivation and goal pursuits: The perception of effort facilitates goal inference and contagion. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 727-737. Download article

Karremans, J. C., & Aarts, H. (2007). The role of automaticity in determining the inclination to forgive close others.Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 902-917. Download article

Papies, E., Stroebe, W., & Aarts, H. (2007). Pleasure in the mind: Restrained eating and spontaneous hedonic thoughts about food. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 810-817. Download article

Veling, H., Holland, R. W., & van Knippenberg, A. (2007). Devaluation of distracting stimuli. Cognition and Emotion, 21, 442-448. Download article

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2006

Aarts, H., Wegner, D. M., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2006). On the feeling of doing: Dysphoria and the implicit modulation of authorship ascription. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 44, 1621-1627. Download article

Holland, R. W., Aarts, H., & Langendam, D. (2006). Breaking and creating habits on the working floor: A field-experiment on the power of implementation intentions. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 42, 776-783. Download article

Veling, H., & van Knippenberg, A. (2006). Shielding intentions from distraction: Forming an intention induces inhibition of distracting stimuli. Social Cognition, 24, 409-425. Download article

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2005

Aarts, H., Chartrand, T. L., Custers, R., Danner, U., Dik, G., Jefferis, V. E., et al. (2005). Social stereotypes and automatic goal pursuit. Social Cognition, 23, 465-490. Download article

Aarts, H., Custers, R., & Wegner, D. M. (2005). On the inference of personal authorship: Enhancing experienced agency by priming effect information. Consciousness and Cognition: An International Journal, 14, 439-458. Download article

Aarts, H., & Hassin, R. R. (2005). Automatic goal inference and contagion: On pursuing goals one perceives in other people's behavior. In S. M. Latham, J. P. Forgas & K. D. Williams (Eds.), Social motivation: Conscious and unconscious processes. (pp. 153-167). New York: Cambridge University Press. Download article

Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2005). Positive affect as implicit motivator: On the nonconscious operation of behavioral goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 129-142. Download article

Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2005). Beyond priming effects: The role of positive affect and discrepancies in implicit processes of motivation and goal pursuit. European Review of Social Psychology, 16, 257-300. Download article

de Liver, Y., van der Pligt, J., & Wigboldus, D. (2005). Unpacking atitudes towards genetically modified food.Appetite, 45, 242-249. Download article

Dijksterhuis, A., Aarts, H., & Smith, P. K. (2005). The power of the subliminal: On subliminal persuasion and other potential applications. In J. A. Bargh, R. R. Hassin & J. S. Uleman (Eds.), The new unconscious (pp. 77-106). New York: Oxford University Press. Download article

Hassin, R. R., Aarts, H., & Ferguson, M. J. (2005). Automatic goal inferences. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 41, 129-140. Download article

Holland, R. W., Hendriks, M., & Aarts, H. (2005). Smells like clean spirit: Nonconscious effects of scent on cognition and behavior. Psychological Science, 16, 689-693. Download article

Sheeran, P., Aarts, H., Custers, R., Rivis, A., Webb, T. L., & Cooke, R. (2005). The goal-dependent automaticity of drinking habits. British Journal of Social Psychology, 44, 47-63. Download article

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2004

Aarts, H., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Hassin, R. R. (2004). Goal contagion: Perceiving is for pursuing. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 87, 23-37. Download article

van den Berg, S. M., Aarts, H., Midden, C., & Verplanken, B. (2004). The role of executive processes in prospective memory tasks. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 16, 511-533. Download article

Dijksterhuis, A., Corneille, O., Aarts, H., Vermeulen, N., & Luminet, O. (2004). Yes, there is a preferential detection of negative stimuli: A response to labiouse. Psychological Science, 15, 571-572. Download article

Veling, H., & van Knippenberg, A. (2004). Remembering can cause inhibition: Retrieval-induced inhibition as cue independent process. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 30, 315-318. Download article

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2003

Aarts, H., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2003). The silence of the library: Environment, situational norm, and social behavior.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 18-28. Download article

Aarts, H., Dijksterhuis, A., & Custers, R. (2003). Automatic normative behavior in environments:The moderating role of conformity in activating situational norms. Social Cognition, 21, 447-464. Download article

Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2003). On the role of processing goals in evaluative judgments of environments: Effects on memory-judgment relations. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 23, 289-299. Download article

Dijksterhuis, A., & Aarts, H. (2003). On wildebeests and humans: The preferential detection of negative stimuli.Psychological Science, 14, 14-18. Download article

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2002

Aarts, H., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2002). Category activation effects in judgment and behaviour: The moderating role of perceived comparability. British Journal of Social Psychology, 41, 123-138. Download article

Hertel, G., Aarts, H., & Zeelenberg, M. (2002). What do you think is 'fair'? Effects of ingroup norms and outcome control on fairness judgments. European Journal of Social Psychology, 32, 327-341. Download article

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2001

Aarts, H., Dijksterhuis, A., & De Vries, P. (2001). On the psychology of drinking: Being thirsty and perceptually ready.British Journal of Psychology, 92. Download article

Slangen de Kort, Y. A. W., Midden, C. J. H., Aarts, H., & Van Wagenberg, F. (2001). Determinants of adaptive behavior among older persons: Self-efficacy, importance, and personal dispositions as directive mechanisms.International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 53, 253-274. Download article

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2000

Aarts, H., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2000). The automatic activation of goal-directed behaviour: The case of travel habit.Journal of Environmental Psychology, 20, 75-82. Download article

Aarts, H., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2000). Habits as knowledge structures: Automaticity in goal-directed behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 53-63. Download article

Dijksterhuis, A., Aarts, H., Bargh, J. A., & van Knippenberg, A. (2000). On the relation between associative strength and automatic behavior. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 36, 531-544. Download article

Verplanken, B., Aarts, H., & van den Berg, S. (2000). Habit: On the cognitive processes underlying the effects of past behavior on future behavior. International Journal of Psychology, 35, 125.

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1999

Aarts, H., & Dijksterhuis, A. (1999). How often did I do it? Experienced ease of retrieval and frequency estimates of past behavior. Acta Psychologica, 103, 77-89. Download article

Aarts, H., Dijksterhuis, A. P., & Midden, C. (1999). To plan or not to plan? Goal achievement of interrupting the performance of mundane behaviors. European Journal of Social Psychology, 29, 971-979. Download article

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1998

Aarts, H., Verplanken, B., & van Knippenberg, A. (1998). Predicting behavior from actions in the past: Repeated decision making or a matter of habit? Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 28, 1355-1374. Download article

Verplanken, B., Aarts, H., van Knippenberg, A., & Moonen, A. (1998). Habit versus planned behavior: A field experiment. British Journal of Social Psychology, 37, 111-128.

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1997

Aarts, H., Paulussen, T., & Schaalma, H. (1997). Physical exercise habit: On the conceptualization and formation of habitual health behaviours. Health Education Research, 12, 363-374. Download article

Aarts, H., Paulussen, T., Willemse, G., Schaalma, H., Bolman, C., & de Nooijer, J. (1997). Prevention of cardio-vascular diseases: A review of international research on the promotion of physical activity among the youth.Den Haag: Netherlands Heart Foundation.

Aarts, H., Paulussen, T., Willemse, G., Schaalma, H., Bolman, C., & de Nooijer, J. (1997). Prevention of cardio-vascular diseases: A review of international research on stress prevention among the youth. Den Haag: Netherlands Heart Foundation.

Aarts, H., Paulussen, T., Willemse, G., Schaalma, H., Bolman, C., & de Nooijer, J. (1997). Prevention of cardio-vascular diseases: A review of international research on multi-component health promotion programmes among the youth. Den Haag: Netherlands Heart Foundation.

Aarts, H., Paulussen, T., Willemse, G., Schaalma, H., Bolman, C., & de Nooijer, J. (1997). Prevention of cardio-vascular diseases: A review of international research on the prevention of smoking among the youth. Den Haag: Netherlands Heart Foundation.

Aarts, H., Verplanken, B., & van Knippenberg, A. (1997). Habit and information use in travel mode choices. Acta Psychologica, 96, 1-14. Download article

Meykamp, R., & Aarts, H. (1997). Breaking through habits: Is car sharing an instrument to reduce car use? Research paper published in Book of proceedings 25th European Transport Forum, Brunel University, Uxbridge. London: P.T.R.C.

Schaalma, H., Bolman, C., de Nooijer, J., de Vries, H., Paulussen, T., Aarts, H., & Willemse, G. (1997).Prevention of cardio-vascular diseases: An analysis of young people’s lifestyle and related determinants. Den Haag: Netherlands Heart Foundation.

Verplanken, B., Aarts, H., & van Knippenberg, A. (1997). Habit, information acquisition, and the process of making travel mode choices. European Journal of Social Psychology, 27, 539-560. Download article

Willemse, G., Paulussen, T., Aarts, H., Schaalma, H., Bolman, C., & de Nooijer, J. (1997). Prevention of cardio-vascular diseases: A review of international research on nutrition education for the youth. Den Haag: Netherlands Heart Foundation.

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1996

Willemse, G., Aarts, H., & Paulussen, T. (1996). A review on the effectiveness of CVD-health promotion interventions among teenagers: Strengths and weaknesses. Research paper published in Book of proceedings European conference on effectiveness: Quality assessment in health promotion and health education. Turin.

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1994

van Knippenberg, C., van Knippenberg, A., Aarts, H. & Verplanken, B. (1994). The role of habit in travel mode choice: An experimental psychological approach. In: Book of reprints of International Association of Travel Behavior Research, 2, 543-552.

Verplanken, B., Aarts, H., van Knippenberg, A., & van Knippenberg, C. (1994). Attitude versus general habit: Antecedents of travel mode choice. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 24, 285-300.

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